Epilepsy: Symptoms and Causes

Bangalore, Karnataka, is considered to be one of the most populated cities in India. Being the capital and largest city in India, its population is estimated to be more than 8 million, with the metropolitan population being around 11 million. It ranks third in the most populous city in India and fifth in the nation’s most populated urban agglomeration. Bangalore is called the Silicon Valley of India or the IT capital in India because it is the nation’s top exporter of information technology.

Technological organizations in India even make this place their headquarters. Because of this, Bangalore ranks second as one of the fastest-growing metropolises in India. It is also home to about 7,700 millionaires and eight billionaires, with a wealth accumulating to about 320 billion dollars, making the metro economy rank to either fourth or fifth as one of India’s most productive areas. Ease of Living Index even considers Bangalore as one of the best cities with over a million in population.

With all of this in mind, you should also have the best treatment when it comes to your health. Epilepsy is one of the diseases that you should get proper treatment for. You are considered one of the lucky ones because you can get yourself treated if you are experiencing epilepsy since you have access to the top neurology hospitals in Bangalore.

Proper treatment is important if you are experiencing complications. It is estimated that more than 10 million people in India have epilepsy. In a study done in the Bangalore Urban Rural Neuro-epidemiological Survey (BURNS), 8.8/1000 of the population has prevalent experience in epilepsy, with rural communities experiencing twice that in urban areas. It may be due to healthcare being much more available in cities than in those living in rural areas.

But what is epilepsy, and what are the symptoms and causes of this disease?

What is epilepsy?

Epilepsy is a disorder in the central nervous system in which your brain activity has some abnormality, causing you to have seizures, periods of unusual behavior, and even loss of awareness. Epilepsy can happen to anyone regardless of sex, age, race, or ethnic background. So, it doesn’t matter who you are. You can still be susceptible to the disease.

What are the symptoms?

Because of the nature of the disease, which is the abnormal activity in your brain, the processes in your brain can be affected by the seizures causing you to:

  • Be confused temporarily
  • Stare at something for a long time
  • Have jerking of movements in your legs and arms that you cannot control
  • Loss of your sense of awareness or consciousness
  • Déjà vu, fear, anxiety or other psychic symptoms

These symptoms can vary on the type of seizure you are experiencing, but the seizure will always be the same in most cases. So, a person with epilepsy will have the same symptom in every episode.

What are the causes?

There is no definite cause as to why epilepsy occurs to one side of the people experiencing it. But various factors can be attributed to it occurring on the other side, which includes:

  • Influence on your Genetics– Epilepsy can sometimes be caused by the genes passed down from generation to generation in your family tree. Some genes are specific to the cause of epilepsy, and others make you more sensitive to certain environmental conditions, triggering a seizure.
  • Having a head trauma– You may have had a car accident or other traumatic injuries to your head, which can cause you to have epilepsy.
  • Brain injuries or conditions– Tumors, strokes, and other conditions can and are sometimes the causes of having epilepsy, with stroke being the leading cause in adults that are older than 35.
  • Infectious diseases– Meningitis, AIDS, viral encephalitis, or diseases that can affect the brain can also cause epilepsy.
  • Injuries before birth– Prenatal brain injuries can occur if the mother has an infection during her pregnancy or the baby has poor nutrition and oxygen deficiencies. Babies who are still not born have a sensitive brain which can result in them having epilepsy.
  • Developmental disorders– Autism and neurofibromatosis, to name a few, can be a cause of epilepsy sometimes.

If all goes well in your life, as long you do not run into some complications, you can live a normal life despite having epilepsy. But if you do, you should go to the top neurology hospital in Bangalore. With the pandemic still around, you do not want to experience other complications in your life. That would be a nightmare and will add more problems to your life.

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