Types and Importance of Coal and Petroleum Conservation Everyone Should Know Of

Fossil fuel is a resource that is derived from natural processes and is used to generate energy. They are simple to finish, and at the moment, the globe is suffering from a scarcity of fossil resources. Petroleum, coal, natural gas, oil shale, bituminous coal, tar sands, and heavy oils are all examples of fossil fuels.

Let’s know more about the conservation of Coal and Petroleum and its importance for the future.

Fossil Fuels

The fuel sources mentioned above are all composed of the same element, carbon. They are generated as a result of the geological processes that occur in the natural environment. 

Therefore, it is vital to conserve coal and petroleum so that we don’t exhaust our natural resources.

History of Fossil Fuels

  • The composition of fossil fuels is formed due to the mechanism through which plants produce food. It is the process of photosynthesis that we are talking about.
  • The process is estimated to have begun as long ago as it formed the planet and as early as the beginning of vegetation, around 4 billion years ago. 
  • However, the quarter-mile, instead of a majority of the resources, are excluded from that period. As a result, you can envision the involved procedures and the length of time it takes to form them.
  • The majority of the carbon-containing material from that period is thought to have come from plants and the remnants of those plants.


Coal is formed over a lengthy period in nature, and as a result, it is a very long process that takes place. Coal might be an explosive black or brownish-black stone with a high concentration of carbon and hydrocarbons and is highly combustible. It takes a very long time to extract and process coal; hence it’s considered a nonrenewable resource. 

Coal contains the energy that has been stored by plants that have lived for thousands of years in gloomy woods. Layers of dirt and rock coated the plants over crores of years. Thus ensuing pressure and warmth turned the plants into coal.

Types of coal.

  • Anthracite coal, bituminous coal, sub-bituminous coal, and lignite coal are the four primary types or ranks of coal. 

Anthracite coal

  • Anthracite coal is the most common type of coal.
  •  The rating is based on the types and quantities of carbon that coal contains and the quantity of heat energy that coal will produce in a certain length of time. 
  • An accumulation’s quality is determined by how often pressure and heat have been applied to the coal. 
  • Anthracite coal contains 86% to 97% carbon and has traditionally been considered the highest heating value of all ranks of coal.

Bituminous coal 

  • Depending on the grade, bituminous coal may contain anywhere from 45% to 86% carbon.
  • Soft coal in the United States has a geological age ranging between one hundred million and three hundred million years.

Subbituminous coal 

  • Subbituminous coal typically contains 35% to 45% carbon, and it has a lower heating value than soft coal due to its lower heating value. 
  • The majority of sub-bituminous coal found in the United States is little more than one hundred million years old. 


  • Lignite comprises 25–35% carbon and has the lowest energy content of all coal types studied. Coal deposits are generally relatively fresh and have not been exposed to tremendous heat or pressure. 
  • This coal is easily breakable and has significant moisture, which adds to its poor heating efficiency.


Petroleum, which has the other name as crude oil, is also a type of fossil fuel. Like the other fossil fuels like coal, natural gas, petroleum is also formed in the same process. It is developed from the same process of decaying of the living plants and animals and the marine creatures.

It has taken millions of years to create petroleum, which we exhaust entirely in just a few years. Indeed, they are useful to humanity in many ways, but we keep on spending them. The new generation needs to learn to preserve fossil fuels rather than waste them. Hence, to do so, relatively more efficient methods must be taken place and practised.

Types of Conservation of Fossil Fuels

Many methods can be used for the conservation of fossil fuels. These are followed in some places, but these need to be followed on a large scale to show results. They are:

  • Conversion of the energies and transforming them into compressed natural gas under pressure can be used instead of petrol. This is already being followed in Delhi for autos.
  • The accidents that take place in the sea due to human error must be completely avoided. If the wastage of oil takes place, the waste, as well as pollution, takes place.
  • You should make more and more use of renewable energy sources like solar energy in full swing and on a large scale. Even more efficient methods must be invented and discovered and put forward by you, the young generation. To do so, the government must provide special interest towards schools.
  • The conservation of fuel via the use of a variety of energy-efficient technologies and practices may allow for the extension of rock oil, coal, and natural gas reserves for many years. 

Therefore, significant actions are urgently required to preserve fossil fuels. Otherwise, this will lead us back to the olden days when we had no utility access.


Fossil fuels were supplied by nature, and humanity must acknowledge that we are rapidly diminishing them. We must return it to the natural world and protect it from extinction. Instead, we are constantly overusing them, which is a bug in our system. Therefore, utilising innovative technologies and other methods can aid in the preservation of coal and petroleum. 

Leave a Comment